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It lies along the Bristol Channel at the mouth of the River Tawe. Swansea is the second largest city in Wales after Cardiff. Up to the early 18th century Swansea was a small market town and a coal port. Thereafter it grew steadily as an industrial centre. Swansea also prospered as a port for the anthracite mines of the western coalfield in South Wales. Production of other nonferrous metals developed in and around Swansea, including lead, zincnickel, and especially tinplate production, but these sectors declined dramatically during the 20th century. Aluminum production and metal fabrication developed after World War II.
An oil refinery at Llandarcy on the eastern edge of Swansea processes oil that arrives through a pipeline from Milford Havenand it supplies a petrochemical plant at Baglan, near Neath. Swansea is now the chief shopping and service centre for southwestern Wales.
It has a university college with a special reputation in engineering and metallurgy. The Royal Institution of South Wales has a museum displaying the archaeology and natural history of the area. The Glynn Vivian Art Gallery was opened inand in a new guildhall was erected, notable for 16 panels painted by Frank Brangwyn and originally intended to decorate the British House of Lords.
The town centre was almost totally destroyed by German bombing in during World War II but has been redeveloped, as have former industrial districts along the River Tawe. The old parish church of St. Mary was rebuilt in after being destroyed in the war. Swansea has a tourist trade based upon the extensive beaches of Swansea Bay and the attractive Gower peninsula coast to the west. Swansea is served by the daily South Wales Evening Post and the monthly magazine Swansea Lifeas well as by several local radio stations and by regional and national stations. The poet Dylan Thomas was born there and celebrated the region in his work.
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Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires. External Websites. Full Article. Marina Towers Observatory, Swansea, Wales. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. It is an important port and industrial centre and also the main commercial and service centre of southwestern Wales.
The main industries are metal fabrication, automotive components, engineering, plastics, packaging,…. Glamorganhistoric county, southern Wales, extending inland from the Bristol Channel coast between the Rivers Loughor and Rhymney. In the north it comprises a barren upland moor dissected by narrow river valleys. Walesconstituent unit of the United Kingdom that forms a westward extension of the island of Great Britain. The capital and main commercial and financial centre is Cardiff. Famed for its strikingly rugged landscape, the small nation….
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Mumbles Pier, Gower Peninsula, Swansea, West Glamorgan, Wales, United Kingdom, Europe